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April 22, 2015

Gradle Goodness: Handle Copying Duplicate Files

In Gradle we can configure how duplicate files should be handled by the Copy task. Actually we can configure how duplicate files are handled by any task that implements the CopySpec interface. For example archive tasks also implements this interface. We must use the setDuplicatesStrategy method to configure how Gradle behaves. The parameter is a value of the enumeration DuplicatesStrategy. We can use the values from the enum class or use String values, which are automatically converted to enum DuplicatesStrategy values.

We can choose the following strategies:

  • include: default strategy where the last duplicate file 'wins'.
  • exclude: only the first found duplicate file is copied and 'wins'.
  • warn: shows a warning on the console, but the last duplicate file 'wins' like with the include strategy.
  • fail: the build fails where duplicate files are found.

The following build file create four task of type Copy, each with a different duplicate strategy. In the directories src/manual and src/website we have a file COPY.txt. The content is simply a text line respectively COPY from src/manual and COPY from src/website:

// For each duplicate strategy we create a copy task.
['warn', 'include', 'exclude', 'fail'].each { strategy ->
    task "copyDuplicatesStrategy${strategy.capitalize()}"(type: Copy) {
        from 'src/manual'
        from 'src/webroot'

        into "$buildDir/copy"

        // Only the value for this property differs for
        // each created task.
        duplicatesStrategy = strategy

        // Print the used duplicates strategy when 
        // the task starts.
        doFirst {
            println "Copying with duplicates strategy '${strategy}'."
        }

        // Print the contents of the copied file COPY.txt.
        doLast {
            println "Contents of COPY.txt:"
            println file("$buildDir/copy/COPY.txt").text
        }
    }
}

We can now invoke the four tasks and see how Gradle reacts:

$ gradle copyDuplicatesStrategyWarn
:copyDuplicatesStrategyWarn
Copying with duplicates strategy 'warn'.
Encountered duplicate path "COPY.txt" during copy operation configured with DuplicatesStrategy.WARN
Contents of COPY.txt:
COPY from src/webroot


BUILD SUCCESSFUL

Total time: 3.728 secs
$ gradle copyDuplicatesStrategyInclude
:copyDuplicatesStrategyInclude
Copying with duplicates strategy 'include'.
Contents of COPY.txt:
COPY from src/webroot


BUILD SUCCESSFUL

Total time: 2.744 secs
$ gradle copyDuplicatesStrategyExclude 
:copyDuplicatesStrategyExclude
Copying with duplicates strategy 'exclude'.
Contents of COPY.txt:
COPY from src/manual


BUILD SUCCESSFUL

Total time: 2.784 secs
$ gradle copyDuplicatesStrategyFail
:copyDuplicatesStrategyFail
Copying with duplicates strategy 'fail'.
:copyDuplicatesStrategyFail FAILED

FAILURE: Build failed with an exception.

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':copyDuplicatesStrategyFail'.
> Encountered duplicate path "COPY.txt" during copy operation configured with DuplicatesStrategy.FAIL

* Try:
Run with --stacktrace option to get the stack trace. Run with --info or --debug option to get more log output.

BUILD FAILED

Total time: 2.786 secs

Written with Gradle 2.3.