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March 19, 2014

Grails Goodness: Using Groovy SQL

In a previous post we learned how we can use Hibernate native SQL queries in our Grails application. We can also execute custom SQL with Groovy SQL. We must create a new instance of groovy.sql.Sql in our code to execute SQL code. The easiest way is to use a javax.sql.DataSource as a constructor argument for the groovy.sql.Sql class. In a Grails application context we already have a DataSource and we can use it to inject it into our code. We must use the name dataSource to reference the default datasource in a Grails application.

In the following sample we invoke a custom query (for Firebird) using Groovy SQL. Notice we define a property dataSource in the Grails service PersonService and Grails will automatically inject a DataSource instance.

package com.mrhaki.grails

import groovy.sql.Sql
import groovy.sql.GroovyRowResult

class PersonService {

    // Reference to default datasource.
    def dataSource

    List<GroovyRowResult> allPersons(final String searchQuery) {
        final String searchString = "%${searchQuery.toUpperCase()}%"

        final String query = '''\
            select id, name, email 
            from person 
            where upper(email collate UNICODE_CI_AI) like :search
        '''

        // Create new Groovy SQL instance with injected DataSource.
        final Sql sql = new Sql(dataSource)

        final results = sql.rows(query, search: searchString)
        results
    }

}

We can even make the groovy.sql.Sql instance a Spring bean in our Grails application. Then we can inject the Sql instance in for example a Grails service. In grails-app/conf/spring/resources.groovy we define the Sql bean:

// File: grails-app/conf/spring/resources.groovy
beans = {

    // Create Spring bean for Groovy SQL.
    // groovySql is the name of the bean and can be used
    // for injection. 
    groovySql(groovy.sql.Sql, ref('dataSource'))

}

Now we can rewrite our previous sample and use the bean groovySql:

package com.mrhaki.grails

import groovy.sql.GroovyRowResult

class PersonService {

    // Reference to groovySql defined in resources.groovy.
    def groovySql

    List<GroovyRowResult> allPersons(final String searchQuery) {
        final String searchString = "%${searchQuery.toUpperCase()}%"

        final String query = '''\
            select id, name, email 
            from person 
            where upper(email collate UNICODE_CI_AI) like :search
        '''

        // Use groovySql bean to execute the query.
        final results = groovySql.rows(query, search: searchString)
        results
    }

}

Code written with Grails 2.3.7.