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May 26, 2010

Groovy Goodness: Use Collect with Initial Collection Value

The collect() method in Groovy can be used to iterate over collections and transform each element of the collection. The transformation is defined in as a closure and is passed to the collect() method. But we can also add an initial collection to which the transformed elements are added.

// Collect without 
// initial collection.
assert [0,2,4,6] == (0..3).collect { it * 2 }
assert ['Groovy', 'Grails'] == [lang: 'Groovy', framework: 'Grails'].collect { it.value }

// Collect with initial collection argument.
assert [0, 1, 2, 3] == [2, 3].collect([0, 1]) { it }
assert [0, 3, 6, 9] == [2, 3].collect([0, 3], { it * 3})
assert ['Gradle', 'groovy', 'grails'] == ['Groovy', 'Grails'].collect(['Gradle']) { it.toLowerCase() }
assert ['m','r','h','a','k','i'] == [4, -3, 7, 5].collect(['m', 'r']) { (it + 100) as char }